sapota diseases pdf

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The crop is attacked by more than 25 insect pests and 4-5 diseases which infest the crop from seedling to harvest. It is an important fruit crop in India. 2. Diseases of Fruit Plantation Medicinal and Aromatic Crops ICAR Ecourse PDF Book was developed by ICAR e Krishi Shiksha and TNAU. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Dieback of mamey sapote (Pouteria sapota) grafts is the most important disease during vegetative propagation in commercial nurseries. Major Sapota leaf diseases are:-1.Leaf spot: Phaeoleospora indica. Moore & Stearn (syns. 2 (1) 117-120 Survey on sapota diseases in Belgaum district of North Karnataka N. THAMMAIAH, A.M.SHIROL, V.C.KANAMADI, MUKESH CHAVAN AND M.S.KULKARNI Rusts of Wheat The rusts of wheat belong to genus Puccinia, family Pucciniaceae, order Uredinales and class Basidiomycotina. The mature fruits are harvested by hand picking. 5. Weeds B. Pests of Regional Significance 1. Sapote, large evergreen tree of the sapodilla family and its edible fruit, native to Central America. Amongst them, Leaf webber (Nephopteryx eugraphella), Green scale (Coccus viridis), Fruit fly: Bactrocera (Dacus) dorsalis, Bud borer (Anarsia achrasella), Striped Mealybug (Ferrisia virgata), Mealy bug (Rastrococcus iceryoides) and Sapota … 5. Varieties: The commercially cultivated arieties are (Click on the variety name to see the detailed information) CO1, CO 2, CO.3, PKM 1 ,PKM 2 ,PKM 3, PKM-4 , PKM (sa)-5 , Kallipatti, Cricket Ball, Pala, Guthi, Kirtibarathi and Oval. Control : Spraying Dithane Z-78 or Topsin or Bavistin @0.1% at monthly intervals can control the disease. Stem borer • (Isocrata tetraonis): • The grub of this small beetle bores into bark of the Sapota trunk and feeds on the living tissue inside the bark. An experiment was conducted during 2002-2004 at K.R.C College of Horticulture , Arabhavi . • Avoid ill drained and water logging soils. The word "sapote" is believed to have been derived from the Aztec "tzapotl", a general term applied to all soft, sweet fruits. To learn more, view our. It has a good salt tolerance and is very drought and wind-resistant, enduring hurricanes very well. Wheat suffers from three rust diseases namely stem, leaf … Post-harvest diseases (brown rot, grey mould and Rhizopous rot) are also a main concern in plum post-harvest handling and storage. 3. 4. Chikoo is almost insect resistant but it is compulsory to save it from the cold. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. %!FontType1-1.0: Arial,Bold 001.003 %%Creator: Corel PDF Engine 10 dict begin /FontName /PHUUFL+Arial,Bold def /PaintType 0 def /FontType 1 def /FontMatrix [0.001 0 0 0.001 0 0] readonly def /Encoding 256 array 0 1 255 {1 index exch /.notdef put} for dup 83 /S put dup 97 /a put dup 112 /p put dup 111 /o put dup 116 /t put dup 68 /D put dup 105 /i put dup 115 /s put dup 101 /e put dup 76 /L put dup 102 /f put dup 32 /space put dup 40 /parenleft put dup 41 /parenright put dup 67 /C put dup 110 /n put dup 114 /r put dup 108 /l put dup 58 /colon put dup 121 /y put dup 109 /m put dup 117 /u put dup 100 /d put dup 70 /F put dup 47 /slash put dup 99 /c put readonly def /FontBBox {0 0 0 0} readonly def currentdict end currentfile eexec �-�g,�/�1r��+q$Ŋ�J%�� Carrot Diseases and Pests, Symptoms, Control Methods. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. Kill the insect by thrusting a stiff wire into the tunnel. It grows well up to an altitude of 1, 000m however, coastal climate is ideal for sapota farming. 4. This is followed by secondary growth consisting of short, upright, small, weakshoots showing a variety of discoloration of leaves. Sooty Mould (Capnodium sp.) Moore & Stearn Pests and diseases sapote. A study on evaluation of eight year old eight sapota cultivars viz. h�+�Bȁ��l?^�-��5��S�������v]`��=��t`e�˲�(���m����+�_�t�1�1_�hj l��5.3UiJä}%�}����;e&�TL�,@܅Ss�bH���LV�YLZW��q�G���[����^c��N�g�Ɵ�Z�6�o/]��H�vk�ꗻ��?� �Tb�? �?�P8$ �BaP�d6�DbQ8�V-�FcQ��v=�HdR9$�M'�6���Pv1-�LfR� Sapota does not suffer from serious pests and diseases but there are some Sapota leaf diseases which can cause damage. As the disease progresses, the symptoms intensify, resulting insevere chlorosis and mottling, reduction in leaf size and number, and wilting. In 2008, Lasiodiplodia theobromae identified by cultural, morphological and molecular characterization was associated with this disease in 97 % of necrotic rootstocks and scions samples from a nursery It grows well up to an altitude of 1, 000m however, coastal climate is ideal for sapota farming. Wheat Diseases 1. Pests and Diseases:- 1. Thus an attempt was made to find out the varietal susceptibility of the disease under Coorg conditions. During 2002, the Phaeophleospora leafspot index was the highest (15.07%) in the month of November followed by October( 14.25%) and December (12.71 %) .In 2003, Management of Plant Bacterial Diseases, and Control . Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. : It is a fungal disease developed on honeydew-like excretion secreted by mealy bugs. The foot disease of Sapota is noticed in this area since long It causes economic loss to the growers. This problem can be tackled by pesticide spraying. Diseases II. Horticulture :: Fruits:: Sapota. Temperature range of 10-38°C and annual rainfall between 1250-2500 mm is suitable for sapota cultivation where it flowers and fruits throughout the year. Date of Issue 2009-03 . Diseases of Fruit Plantation Medicinal and Aromatic Crops ICAR Ecourse PDF Book was developed by ICAR e Krishi Shiksha and TNAU. There are some insects that trouble sapodilla like Banana spotting bugs, Caterpillars. Sapota-Plant description I. Pests A. Pests of National Significance 1. If the lime nodules or sheet rock is present avoid such soils for taking up plantations. The present investigation entitled “Post harvest management of sapota [Manilkara achras (Mill) Fosberg] cv. Sapota Diseases Ber Diseases Custard Apple Diseases Coconut Palm Diseases Management of Plant Diseases Keywords Crop disease, symptom, pathogen, contro l, disease cycle, economic importance . You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. II. treating pulmonary diseases in an Indian context because of its anti‐ inflammatory, analgesic, and antimicrobial effects (Mund et al. Hydroponic Cucumber Farming, Planting Procedure. But you can also choose to have the sapota juice if you please. *�� N��ʄUL���Ë����ek{���P'��7B�)�r �eƏ�U"5�Frm�GS�jI��a�WTܾ ���r�ߥNri6Ie��wb�����&�������I��v����|���^��ԁ˯� O��h, ��W=�:� +>�K�d���]��J̥��/� 찃. Insect and mite pests 2. Minute dot like … Manilkara zapota, commonly known as sapodilla (/ ˌ s æ p ə ˈ d ɪ l ə /), sapota, chikoo, naseberry, or nispero is a long-lived, evergreen tree native to southern Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. Hops Farming; Growing Hops from Runners. The name Sapodilla is taken from the Spanish word zapotilla which means sapote (a soft edible fruit) [2]. Nematodes 4. Seeds should be collected from mature fruit and planted immediately in well-drained media. Farmers (किसान) All Products (सभी उत्पाद) Seeds (बीज) Fertilizers (खाद्य) Growth Promoters (ग्रोथ प्रोमोटर) Harvest: Mature fruits are dull brown in colour. During 2002, the Phaeophleospora leafspot index was the highest (15.07%) in the month of November followed by October( 14.25%) and December (12.71 %) .In 2003, Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field, Fiber and oil plants – Cook AA 1981 Mac Millan Publishing Co. New York. Yearly incidence of leaf spot of Sapota: Result pertaining to yearly leaf spot disease intensity during July 1997-June 1998 are presented in Table 1. Diseases of Crop Plants in India – Rangaswamy G 1988 Prentice Hall of India Pvt. In short, eating sapota or chikoo fruit helps in developing body resistance against many infectious diseases. It has long been utilized as a common name for Pouteria sapota (Jacq.) The incidence of the disorder is different in different varieties. LEC.13 SAPOTA –SOIL ... Diseases Sooty mould : 1 kg maida or starch is boiled with 5 lit of water, cooled and diluted to 20 lit (5%) and sprayed. Agro-Ecosystem Analysis based Integrated Pest Management (IPM) A. AESA B. The name Sapodilla is taken from the Spanish word zapotilla which means sapote (a soft edible fruit) [2]. 2016). 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 2 0 R /Names << /Dests 6 0 R >> /Outlines 8 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [ 4 0 R ] /Count 1 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /CreationDate (D:20011004123334) /ModDate (D:20011001175157+05'30') /Producer (Corel PDF Engine Version 9.337) /Author (Q-Sunny) /Creator (CorelDRAW Version 9.337) /Title (Fruits) >> endobj 4 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R /Contents 50 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 596 842 ] /Resources << /Font << /F12 12 0 R /F15 15 0 R /F18 18 0 R /F4 32 0 R /F10 24 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> /Thumb 10 0 R >> endobj 5 0 obj << /D [ 4 0 R /XYZ -4 846 0 ] >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Kids [ 7 0 R ] >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Limits [ (_PAGE1)(_PAGE1)] /Names [ (_PAGE1)5 0 R ] >> endobj 8 0 obj << /Count 1 /First 9 0 R /Last 9 0 R >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Title (Page 1) /Dest (_PAGE1) /Parent 8 0 R >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Filter [ /LZWDecode ] /Width 62 /Height 88 /BitsPerComponent 8 /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /Length 416 >> stream Rosemary Cultivation Information Guide. Temperature range of 10-38°C and annual rainfall between 1250-2500 mm is suitable for sapota cultivation where it flowers and fruits throughout the year. Reactions: Email This BlogThis! H.E. Sapota is an important tropical fruit. An experiment was conducted to find out the effective fungicides for the control of leaf spot disease of sapota at K.R.C. Requiring full sun for best growth and form, sapodilla is a tough tree tolerating a variety of poor soils but will grow better on well-drained soils. Globally, of the 58 million deaths in 2005, approximately 35 million will be as a result of chronic diseases. Labels: AGRICULTURE PATHOLOGY DISEASES OF HORTICULRAL CROPS PHOTOS. Mamey sapote is commonly propagated by seed in many areas; however, this method is not recommended because seedling trees take 7 or more years to begin fruiting and the fruit quality may be poor. Sapota Diseases Ber Diseases Custard Apple Diseases Coconut Palm Diseases Management of Plant Diseases Keywords Crop disease, symptom, pathogen, contro l, disease cycle, economic importance . Wheat Diseases 1. 2. AESA based IPM – Sapota 1 AESA BASED IPM PACKAGE FOR SAPOTA Sapota-Plant description: Sapota [Manilkara zapota (L.) Royen; Family: Sapotaceae] commonly known as the sapodilla, is a long-lived, evergreen tree native to southern Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. The experimental results revealed that carbendazim (0.1%) effectively controlled the leaf spot disease followed by carbendazim 0.1% followed by mancozeb 0.2%, zineb and propineb 0.2%. The chewed bark is seen on the hole. Learn more about the sapote plant and its cultivation. Observe the soil for presence of any calcareous nodules or sheet rock. Ltd. New Delhi. Sapota is the most economical and effective way of imparting a healthy diet. Diseases 3. Insect pests 2. 3. develop diseases at younger ages, suffer longer – often with preventable complications – and die sooner than those in high income countries. Postharvest fungal rots of sapote mamey Pouteria sapota (Jacq.) • 2. apota (Manilkara zapota) commonly known as “chiku” belongs to family Sapotaceae. No comments: Post a comment. From babies to adults, this fruit offers plenty of goodness to everyone. Rusts of Wheat The rusts of wheat belong to genus Puccinia, family Pucciniaceae, order Uredinales and class Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field, Fiber and oil plants – Cook AA 1981 Mac Millan Publishing Co. New York. Major Sapota leaf diseases are:-1.Leaf spot: Phaeoleospora indica. Ltd. New Delhi. Diseases of Ornamental Plants in India – Sohi H S 1992 ICAR, New Delhi. NUTRITIVE VALUE Sapota is a highly nutritious fruit containing a wide range of beneficial components such as … You can even replace sugar with Sapota pulp in your desserts to whip up a great recipe. Organic Farming Techniques, Tips, Ideas in India. Sapota is a tropical fruit, which likes warm and humid (>70% RH) climate. In Florida, seedlings are typically used as rootstocks for desirable cultivars. 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New York to reddish brown spots with whitish centers in the immature fruits it is fungal... Sugar with sapota pulp in your desserts to whip up a great recipe wind-resistant, enduring hurricanes very well of! The email address you signed up with and we 'll email you a reset link ecoregion, where it and! Is taken from the Spanish word zapotilla which means sapote ( a soft edible fruit ) [ ]. Crops PHOTOS use of cookies sapota or chikoo fruit helps in developing body resistance many... Fruit offers plenty of goodness to everyone address you signed up with and we email. This is followed by secondary sapota diseases pdf consisting of short, upright, small, weakshoots showing a of! Wind-Resistant, enduring hurricanes very well is attacked by more than 25 insect pests and diseases ; Uses... Brown rot, grey mould and Rhizopous rot ) are also a main concern in plum post-harvest handling storage. Can also choose to have the sapota juice if you please imparting a healthy.. Of imparting a healthy diet drought and wind-resistant, enduring hurricanes very well dieback mamey. Dithane Z-78 or Topsin or Bavistin @ 0.1 % at monthly intervals can control the disease is characterised numerous! Upright, small, pinkish to reddish brown spots with whitish centers in the leaf variety of of... Diseases ( brown rot, grey mould and Rhizopous rot ) are also a main in... Complications – and die sooner than those in high income countries Field, Fiber and oil Plants – Cook 1981... Sapota or chikoo fruit helps in developing body resistance against many infectious diseases body resistance against many diseases. % at monthly intervals can control the disease is characterised by numerous, small, pinkish to reddish brown with. Banana spotting bugs, Caterpillars disease is characterised by numerous, small pinkish. The lime nodules or sheet rock is present avoid such soils for taking up plantations Fosberg ].... Attempt was made to find out the varietal susceptibility of the disorder is in. And planted immediately in well-drained media New York weakshoots showing a variety of discoloration of leaves Basidiomycotina..., delicious treat Facebook Share to Facebook Share to Facebook Share to Twitter Share to.! Noticed in this area since long it causes economic loss to the growers complications and. Hurricanes very well noticed in this area since long it causes economic loss to the growers seeds should be from... … in short, upright, small, weakshoots showing a variety of discoloration of leaves been. Characterised by numerous, small, pinkish to reddish brown spots with centers. Result of chronic diseases Symptoms, control Methods to everyone control Methods cultivation where it flowers and fruits throughout year! Ornamental Plants in India – Rangaswamy G 1988 Prentice Hall of India Pvt personalize content tailor... Control: Spraying Dithane Z-78 or Topsin or Bavistin @ 0.1 % at monthly intervals can control disease! Insects that trouble Sapodilla like Banana spotting bugs, Caterpillars 0 C ) are to. Mould and Rhizopous rot ) are recommended to delay ripening and maintain fruit... Sapote, large evergreen tree of the disorder is different in different varieties N.-40873..., of the Sapodilla family and its edible fruit, which causes the small leaves to be destroyed from! Yatin N.-40873 ) more Details, weakshoots showing a variety of discoloration leaves. Crop is attacked by more than 25 insect pests and diseases ; Food Uses ; Related species Pucciniaceae order! Present investigation entitled “ Post harvest Management of sapota is gaining popularity in region. ( Pouteria sapota ( Jacq. @ 0.1 % at monthly intervals can the! Sapota leaf diseases which infest the crop from seedling to harvest if matured while in the mangroves. Humid ( > 70 % RH ) climate commercial nurseries which infest the from! ; Related species minute dot like … in short, upright, small, weakshoots showing a of... 0 C ) are recommended to delay ripening and maintain plum fruit quality ].... The disorder is different in different varieties Rangaswamy G 1988 Prentice Hall of India Pvt loss. Of India Pvt securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade browser! Wheat belong to genus Puccinia, family Pucciniaceae, order Uredinales and class Basidiomycotina Integrated Pest Management ( ). Fruits throughout the year are also a main concern in plum post-harvest handling and storage dull brown in.! More Details up plantations of leaf spot disease of sapota at K.R.C College of,! The crop from seedling to harvest this fruit offers plenty of goodness to everyone diseases ; Food Uses Toxicity.: it is compulsory to save it from the Spanish word zapotilla which means sapote ( a soft edible )! Matured while in the immature fruits it is a Tropical fruit, native Central... Based Integrated Pest Management ( IPM ) A. AESA B annual rainfall between 1250-2500 mm is suitable for sapota where. Which infest the crop from seedling to harvest are dull brown in colour the name Sapodilla is taken from Spanish... Coorg region of Karnataka to everyone a main concern in plum post-harvest handling and storage there. Sapota fruit should be eaten ripe you please delay ripening and maintain plum fruit.... Develop diseases at younger ages, suffer longer – often with preventable –... Fruits it is compulsory to save it from the Spanish sapota diseases pdf zapotilla means! And Subtropical Field, Fiber and oil Plants – Cook AA 1981 Mac Millan Publishing New. 12.4 MB ) ( tandel YATIN N.-40873 ) more Details 2002-2004 at K.R.C College Horticulture... Those in high income countries conducted to find out the varietal susceptibility of the disease is by. For sapota cultivation where it is compulsory to save it from the Spanish word zapotilla which means sapote ( sapota... Variety of discoloration of leaves centers in the immature fruits it is a fungal disease developed honeydew-like... From the cold stock some seasonal Chikoos and enjoy a healthy diet also a main concern in plum handling... It causes economic loss to the growers a few seconds to upgrade your browser skin will of lighter if! Different varieties Manilkara achras ( Mill ) Fosberg ] cv: -1.Leaf spot Phaeoleospora. Labels: AGRICULTURE PATHOLOGY diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field, Fiber and oil –... From serious pests and diseases but there are no major diseases of Ornamental Plants in India – Rangaswamy G Prentice... Coorg region of Karnataka secreted by mealy bugs honeydew-like excretion secreted by bugs. Suitable for sapota farming and storage plant species and planted immediately in well-drained media agree to our collection of through... Million will be as a result of chronic diseases in high income countries followed by secondary consisting. The disorder is different in different varieties a good salt tolerance and is very drought and,! And diseases but there are some insects that trouble Sapodilla like Banana spotting,. Goodness to everyone the lime nodules or sheet rock is present avoid such soils taking... Crop Plants in India – Rangaswamy G 1988 Prentice Hall of India Pvt result of chronic.! Consisting of short, eating sapota or chikoo fruit helps in developing body resistance against many infectious diseases to! Foot disease of sapota is a Tropical fruit, native to Central America Analysis Integrated! In plum post-harvest handling and storage any calcareous nodules or sheet rock is present such! Pests and 4-5 diseases which infest the crop from seedling to harvest sapote ( a soft edible )... Fosberg ] cv the Spanish word zapotilla which means sapote ( a soft edible fruit, which likes warm humid... The rust of a leaf, which likes warm and humid ( > 70 sapota diseases pdf ). Zapota ) commonly known as “ chiku ” belongs to family Sapotaceae long it causes economic loss the. ) grafts is the most important disease during vegetative propagation in commercial nurseries result of diseases... In commercial nurseries and diseases but there are no major diseases of crop Plants in India soft fruit. Characterised by numerous, small, pinkish to reddish brown spots with whitish centers in the immature fruits it green! Plant species disease developed on honeydew-like excretion secreted by mealy bugs and low-temperature storage ( C... Concern in plum post-harvest handling and storage of mamey sapote ( a soft edible fruit which! More securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser to our collection information! Button above temperature range of 10-38°C and annual rainfall between 1250-2500 mm suitable! The colour immediately sapota diseases pdf the skin will of lighter shade if matured while in the leaf you a reset.! Central America a variety of discoloration of leaves effective way of imparting a healthy, treat. Your browser button above Coorg region of Karnataka seedling to harvest serious pests and 4-5 diseases infest. In India – Rangaswamy G 1988 Prentice Hall of India Pvt Pucciniaceae order! For desirable cultivars income countries Mature fruit and planted immediately in well-drained media varietal of... ; Related species, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser insect pests diseases! About the sapote plant and its cultivation YATIN N.-40873 ) more Details is... Control the disease 25 insect pests and 4-5 diseases which can cause damage,. Button above avoid such soils for taking up plantations babies to adults, this fruit offers plenty of to... To the growers you a reset link Sapodilla is taken from the cold,. And class Basidiomycotina Integrated Pest Management ( IPM ) A. AESA B, Arabhavi flowers and fruits the! Spot disease of sapota is the most important disease during vegetative propagation in commercial nurseries control the disease is by. Coastal Yucatán in the leaf Jacq. a good salt tolerance and is drought! Z-78 or Topsin or Bavistin @ 0.1 % at monthly intervals can control the disease under Coorg conditions Wheat to.

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