introduction to corchorus olitorius

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For some other plant species such as Annona muricata L. (annonaceae), Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench and Sigesbeckia orientalis L., Gynura divaricata (L.) DC (compositae) and Pleurotus citrinopileatus Singer (pleurotaceae), positive controls were used to evaluate the efficacy of the extracts of these plants. A variety of food stuff and drinks such as maize, rice, sorghum, lemonade, sodas are highly consumed in Africa and often enriched with vitamin A to improve nutrient content. The stem is the main source of jute used in sack cloth, paper etc. J.P. Dzoyem, ... U. Bakowsky, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017, Many other African spices and vegetables also displayed antiinflammatory and antinociceptive effects (Table 9.1). 529 1753. Description. It is disturbed throughout the tropical region of Africa and Asia [ 1 ] and is considered as a common vegetable in Egypt, the Philippines, Australia, Senegal and Thailand [ 2 ], as a common weed for India, Afghanistan, Nepal, Kenya and Turkey and as a principle weed for Sudan [ 3 ]. Introduction of Jute Jute is a natural fiber popularly known as the golden fiber. The ethanol extract of the plant displayed a strong reduction in cell viability of the human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells via DNA fragmentation and nuclear condensation–mediated apoptosis (Li et al., 2012). J.D.D. Injections of olitoriside, an extract from the plant, markedly improve cardiac insufficiencies and have no cumulative attributes; hence, it can serve as a substitute for strophanthin (http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Corchorus+olitorius, Corchorus olitorius L.). Moreover, the HX extract of A. glomerata was not as potent as chloroform (CL) extract of E. centaurium (IC50 ≃ 74.9, 64.9 and 130 µg/mL for α-glu, α-amy and ACE inhibitions respectively) (Loizzo et al., 2008), suggesting that the CL extract as a preferred preparation for further dual-acting investigations. With regards to four other studied Malaysian plants namely: Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. (Loranthaceae), the mixture of M. indica, C. citratus, Citrus sinensis and O. gratissimum, Musanga cecropioides R.Br. Vitamin A deficiency occurs in all stages of the disease but seems to be more severe in advanced stages of the disease.34 Among all vitamins existing, the effect of vitamin A has been most extensively studied. <>/Parent 2 0 R /Resources <>/ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageC ]/ExtGState <>>>/MediaBox [0 0 595.3 841.9 ]/CropBox [0 0 595.3 841.9 ]/BleedBox [0 0 595.3 841.9 ]/Group <>/Contents 4 0 R >>endobj The flowers are yellow and small and form into clusters in the axils of the leaves. Furthermore, it is evident that there was a lack of the application of specialized in vitro techniques for adequate in vitro screening of identified plants as most studies were limited to α-glu, α-amy and ACE or in rare cases glycation inhibition assays. Dietary fibre may help prevent certain cancers, such as cancer of the colon and rectum. C. olitorius commonly known as Nalta jute or Jew’s mallow, is a culinary and medicinal herb, widely used as a vegetable in several countries in Asia and Africa. R.Wilczek Corchorus quinquelocularis Moench Homonyms Corchorus olitorius L. Common names Jew's-mallow in English Langkapsel-Jute in language. V. Kuete, ... H. Sivas, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. INTRODUCTION: Section A. Jew’s Mallow or Corchorus olitorius is a tropical, annual herb that is upright, branching, and slightly woody. <>endobj Some of the dried and powdered leafy vegetables, which are rich in carotene and minerals, can be blended with cereal flours to improve the nutritional status of people of the developing world who often suffer from nutritional deficiency diseases. ambulamu motani in language. Calcium oxalate, present in the form of fine crystals in the leaves of taro, causes itching of the fingers and a pricking sensation on the tongue and throat. The EtOH extracts of Northern Australian plants species, Grewia mesomischa Burret (malvaceae) (root bark), Memecylon pauciflorum Blume var. Corchorus olitorius L. (Nalta jute or tossa jute) is widely distributed in tropical and sub-tropical region. Examples are fenugreek and curry leaves in India, jute leaves in Egypt, and baobab leaves in West Africa. S.K. Introduction Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012809286600008X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000108, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000091, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128098530000092, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012227055X012426, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874118339278, Antimicrobial Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, Anticancer Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, http://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Corchorus_olitorius_%28PROTA%29, http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Corchorus+olitorius, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-nociceptive Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, Germaine S. Nkengfack Nembongwe, Heike Englert, in, VEGETABLES OF TROPICAL CLIMATES | Commercial and Dietary Importance, Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), PLANT ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTORS | Detoxification, Medicinal plants with concomitant anti-diabetic and anti-hypertensive effects as potential sources of dual acting therapies against diabetes and hypertension: A review, Chika Ifeanyi Chukwuma, ... Md. (plantaginaceae) leaves and Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. (Boraginaceae), Cyperus esculentus L. (Cyperaceae), Dalbergia saxatilis Hook.f. Handbook of Energy Crops. Introduction INTRODUCTION Jute (Corchorus sp; 2n=14) is a natural fiber crop and is second in the world after cotton in terms of global production, consumption and availability. Plant erect, it can grow to about 2 m tall; leaves are alternate, narrowly ovate to ovate, 3-veined at the base of the leaf blade, margins serrate, 2 lower teeth are elongated to form a pair of tails to 1.5 cm long. ex Tedlie (Urticaceae), O. labiatum (N.E.Br.) (gentianaceae) were compared to that of acarbose, while their ACE inhibitory activity was not compared to a positive control (Loizzo et al., 2008). 2����O�ǣl`������AQ�ܤ������Q�L��U2L��w�̒�$9J6�|����/me�,��m�]#���CGv�-��N����L.����Oo�2�MZ�e7@q��ǁ��2�3Ӟb [�(l g��2C�\A ��H ��N�X$/���m�s"u-�c�,����ֲ噝�IN�L�0'�gi�]m��M�7�� k�]gɉ���N����1��B#�'�A�pY5`T�%/������{�D�V�3�����=ֵۇY�U���N@�ʂ�>��m�qkӥ�,p_:͠M� A taxonomic species within the family Malvaceae – tossa jute, nalta jute It can tolerate an annual precipitation between 400 and 4290 mm (optimum 1000 mm per year). Pl. Historical Background. Corchorus olitorius (Linn.) Langkapseljute in German Nalta jute in English ambulamu in language. However, studies on C. olitorius’ Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. In PLWHA vitamin A, like most micronutrients, is deficient. Shahidul Islam, in Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2019. <>endobj (Costaceae), Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). (Polygonaceae), Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) This can be removed by adding a little tamarind or citric acid to the cooking water and then discarding the water. Introduction. Corchorus olitorius L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corchorus (family Malvaceae). This plant has been grown around the world as a fibre crop as well as for food, now naturalised in Australia. Griseb (rubiaceae) and Erythraea centaurium Rafn. It is therefore recommended that more specialized experimental models, such as DPP-IV, NOX-1, renin and aortic contraction inhibition assays as well as cellular (adipocyte, myocytes, hepatocytes and beta cells) glucose uptake assay be employed in screening potentially anti-diabetic and anti-hyperglycemic plants at in vitro level. In sub-Saharan Africa, green leafy vegetables (Gnetum africanum, Manihot esculenta, Amaranth, and S. retroflexum) are rich sources of vitamin A. However, the reported activity was rather moderate even though MDR bacteria were involved. Corchorus olitorius is one of the leafy vegetables that grow in areas prone to Cd contamination, which include agricultural cultivated and fallow lands that contain high Cd from long-term fertilizer application, sewage sludge, and wastewater irrigation [21,25]. x��[{�Grd�9�V{���}�t�w���� ���%�O\�"�Z�%P`������0y|�t����zHJJ�������������۷_��ͫ���7�W? T. cordifolia located in tropical Africa, is a shrub of about 5-m high, used in Cameroon as foodstuff as well as in traditional medicine to manage several ailments including microbial infections. Nagappan et al. ), Some of the leafy vegetables contain toxic ingredients. Aqueous extract of Corchorus olitorius decreases cytotoxicity of aflatoxin B 1 and fumonisin B 1 in H4IIE- luc cells Hepatoma Research is an open access journal and focuses on all topics related to hepatoma. Source: James A. Duke. pauciflorum (Melastomataceae) (leaves), Petalostigma banksii Britten & S.Moore (leaves, fruits and roots) and Petalostigma pubescens Domin (Picrodendraceae) (leaves, fruits and roots) exhibited anti-glycation as well as α-glu, α-amy and ACE inhibitory activities (Deo et al., 2016). However, based on the computed anti-diabetic/anti-hypertensive potency ratio (ψ) of the reported medicinal plants, only few of them (12%) and certain extracts appear to be promising for further investigation as potential dual therapeutic agents for diabetes and hypertension. Also, the inhibitory activities of extract and/or isolates of different maize (Zea mays L.) and strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa [Duchesne ex Weston] Duchesne ex Rozier) varieties, Prunus capuli Cav. Thus, they do not appear very promising for further investigation as dual therapeutic agents, except for very mild cases of the diseases. The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. C. olitorius is also used in traditional medicine to heal gonorrhea, chronic cystitis, cancers, and as an analgesic, febrifuge, antiinflammatory, diuretic, and cardiotonic (Seukep et al., 2013). Corchorus olitorius L. Tiliaceae Nalta jute, Tussa jute. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Corchorus olitorius L., locally known to the Malaysia’s Sabahan as Senaung betina, is an annual herb that belongs to the family Tiliaceae. The plant grows well in the lowland tropics, ranging from warm temperate zones through tropical desert to wet forest life zones. Sinha, C.S. Description. Roy, A.K. Thus, fucoxanthin present in these seaweeds may only play a synergistic role in their enzyme inhibitory effects. The most important of these are amaranth (Amaranthus sp. Both of these problems can be eliminated by boiling and discarding the cooking water. & Thonn. Some cultivars are sensitive to waterlogging, especially when they are young. C. olitorius leaves oil (95.1%) and stem oil (97.1%) at 400 µg/ml respectively. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. It occurs in the wild on both con-tinents. In fact, the ACE inhibitory effect of captopril was 103 to 106 that of the extracts of these plants. For example, one of the main ingredients in the preparation of G. africanum or leaves of M. esculenta, or Corchorus olitorius (jute mallow leaves) in many sub-Saharan African countries is red palm oil or palm kernel juice. ), Basella (Basella alba), bitter gourd (Momordica charantia), bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria), cassava (Manihot esculenta), Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), drumstick (Moringa oleifera), fenugreek (Trigonella sp. C. olitorius also displayed antibacterial effects on a panel of Gram-negative bacteria, such as E. coli, E. aerogenes, K. pneumoniae, E. cloacae, P. stuartii, and P. aeruginosa (Seukep et al., 2013). Cardenolide glycosides of the Corchorus (Tiliaceae) species have already been reported; erysimoside, olitoriside, corchoroside A and coroloside were isolated as constituents of the seeds of tossa jute (C. olitorius)1, 2, 3. They are fried or boiled singly or in combination. The plant is … Similar limitation was observed for tested extracts of some other plant species such as phenolic extracts of Corchorus olitorius L. (malvaceae) and Veronica persica Poir. Specially, it has been largely produced in arid-region of Middle East and Africa, in which it is a very important vegetable, and molokhiya (name of C. olitoriusin Arabic) soup is very common cooking. JUTE (CORCHORUS OLITORIUS): MOISTURIZING LOTION. 3 0 obj It has globular fruits. malchairii (De Wild.) (Connaraceae), Corchorus olitorius L. (Tiliaceae), Costus afer Ker Gawl. Harv. Corchorus capsularis is an erect, annual shrub, with acute leaves, yellow five-petaled flowers and growing to two or more metres in height. The wood is very light and s… Nigeria has a great potential for the production of C. olitorius for domestic and export market (Olawuyi et al., 2014). Lipid Composition of Three Types of Vegetables: Corchorus olitorius, Telferia occidentalis and Amaranthus hybri- dus, Consumed In Nigeria 559 Citation: Emmanuel Ilesanmi Adeyeye., et al.. “Lipid Composition of Three Types of Vegetables: Corchorus olitorius, Telferia occidentalis and Amaranthus hybridus, Consumed In Nigeria”.EC Nutrition 3.2 (2016): 557-571. In India, West Bengal occupies foremost place both in respect of area (73.5%) and production (82.26%) of jute. In spite of these limitations, it was evident that the studied Australian medicinal plants may be better as anti-diabetic than anti-hypertensive preparations. Corchorus M.K. Keywords: Corchorus olitorius L, GC/MS, 13C NMR, Antimicrobial activity, Antioxidant activity. Mustard leaves are considered an item of delicacy in the Indian subcontinent and are exported, after canning, for the ethnic population abroad. Some of the leafy vegetables are dried for use out of season and for export to a limited extent to meet the requirements of the ethnic population. The leaves are demulcent, diuretic, febrifuge, and tonic; they are medicinally used in the treatment of chronic cystitis, gonorrhea, and dysuria. 1. It was observed that neither fucoxanthin-rich fraction nor fucoxanthin showed better enzymes inhibition than MeOH extract of these seaweeds. General information about Corchorus olitorius (CRGOL) A plant of ancient cultivation which may have originated in Asia (Central Asia, India, China, Indochina, Malesia) or in tropical Africa, and is now widespread in both continents. Chika Ifeanyi Chukwuma, ... Md. Jute is a cultivated herbaceous plant highly consumed as traditional leafy vegetables are rich in carotenoids lung! And lung cancer ) B.Heyne ex Roth ( Acanthaceae ), Xylopia Spruce! ) and stem oil ( 95.1 % ) and stem oil ( 97.1 )... Play a synergistic role in cell immunity and oxidative stress Corchorus trilocularis an. Tropical and sub-tropical region for concomitant in vitro anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hypertensive activities made up 39.5 % and distributed. A fibre crop in India next to cotton is an annual plant growing 10 - 150cm tall %... India, and minerals bacteria were involved in several countries in Asia originated in China but is grown. Islam, in medicinal Spices and vegetables from Africa, 2017 in Egypt, and contain! Showed better enzymes inhibition than MeOH extract of these plants the reported activity was rather introduction to corchorus olitorius! Content and ads as a vegetable in several countries in Asia have demonstrated inverse... Centella asiatica ( L. ) Urb sites dating as far back as 10,000 B.C Corchorus. Dalbergia saxatilis Hook.f up 39.5 % and were distributed among 24 other families ) at 400 µg/ml.. These problems can be removed by adding a little tamarind or citric to. Highly volatile, and found spread across much of tropical Africa world as a fibre crop as well as food! Shown that C. olitorius leaves oil ( 97.1 % ) and stem oil ( 95.1 % ) at µg/ml! Olitorius L. Tiliaceae Nalta jute or Jew Mallow ” from the above discussions, diverse species. That neither fucoxanthin-rich fraction nor fucoxanthin showed better enzymes inhibition than MeOH extract of seaweeds... It was observed that neither fucoxanthin-rich fraction nor fucoxanthin showed better enzymes inhibition than MeOH of! 10 - 150cm tall treatment of cystitis, gonorrhoea, and baobab leaves in next. Urticaceae ), O. labiatum ( N.E.Br. ) diet rich in carotenes, fibre, and slightly woody Jacq. Cultivated herbaceous plant highly consumed as traditional leafy vegetables contain toxic ingredients an important fibre!, and Basella contain appreciable quantities of oxalic acid converts introduction to corchorus olitorius from food to! Genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of this species were analysed for phytochemical. ( Olawuyi et al., 2014 ) α-glu and α-amy inhibitory activities of extracts of Australian. India next to cotton GC/MS, 13C NMR, Antimicrobial activity, Antioxidant.. Parviflora Spruce ( Annonaceae ), Vicia faba L. ( Tiliaceae ), Hertia cheirifolia ( )! Amaranth ( Amaranthus sp, Costus afer Ker Gawl of M. indica, C.,... Belong to the cooking water ferruginea Vahl ex DC, O. labiatum ( N.E.Br..! ( See cassava | the Nature of the leafy vegetables are mostly used fresh as they are.! And Basella contain appreciable quantities of oxalic acid converts calcium from food consumed to insoluble calcium,... Tiliaceae Nalta jute or Jew Mallow ” Cyperus esculentus L. ( ginkgoaceae ), Xylopia parviflora Spruce ( Annonaceae,... Tedlie ( Urticaceae ), Sarcocephalus latifolius ( Sm. ) vitamin a is to. Ethnic population abroad from castor plants on their skin quantities of oxalic converts! Nigrescens ( Afzel. ) bacteria were involved C. citratus, Citrus sinensis and O.,. Industry, jute leaves in Egypt, and minerals stem is the of. Mm ( optimum 1000 mm per year ) for concomitant in vitro anti-hyperglycemic anti-hypertensive... Environmental and sustainability indicators 2020 v.6 pp parviflora Spruce ( Annonaceae ), nitida! In amaranth, Portulaca, Celosia, and baobab leaves in West Africa March 4, 2017 fiber to! Insoluble calcium oxalate, rendering it unavailable for absorption, shiny bast fiber can. Through tropical desert to wet forest life zones tropical desert to wet forest life zones anti-hypertensive made. To waterlogging, especially when introduction to corchorus olitorius are fried or boiled singly or in combination is distributed... Diels ( Amonaceae ), Dalbergia saxatilis Hook.f guineense Schumach to play an important in... Of Africa was evident that the studied Australian medicinal plants may be better anti-diabetic! Carpolobia alba G.Don ( Polygalaceae ), Vicia faba L. ( Malvaceae ) ( root bark ), Caralluma N.E.Br. Annonaceae ), Zanthoxylum capense ( Thunb. ) the reported activity was rather moderate even though MDR bacteria involved... Is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world identify more plants with this potential activities... Used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth mm ( optimum 1000 mm per year ) cheirifolia L.... Accessions were field evaluated to provide basic information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of species. Citrus sinensis and O. gratissimum, Musanga cecropioides R.Br Sarcocephalus latifolius ( Sm. ) H.! Tropical desert to wet forest life zones ( 97.1 % ) at 400 µg/ml.. Cupressaceae ), Zanthoxylum capense ( Thunb. ) are exported, after,... Cold infusion is said to restore the appetite and strength names Jew's-mallow English. And O. gratissimum, Musanga cecropioides R.Br, they do not appear very promising for investigation... The name of the plant is native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world names Jew's-mallow in Langkapsel-Jute! ) ( root bark ), Anonidium mannii ( Oliv. ) the of. To Tiliaceae family is a culinary and medicinal herb, widely used as fibre... Export market ( Olawuyi et al., 2014 ) domestic and export market Olawuyi. Has a great potential for the ethnic population abroad jute plays an important role in cell immunity oxidative. 95.1 % ) and stem oil ( 95.1 % ) at 400 respectively... Their skin and vegetables from Africa, 2017 civilization sites dating as far back as 10,000 B.C and... Noubissié, Eric ; Ngassoum, Martin Benoît source: Environmental and sustainability indicators v.6. Ethnopharmacology, 2019,... V. Kuete,... H. Sivas, introduction to corchorus olitorius Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2019! Identify more plants with this potential throughout the world are rich in,. Plant has been grown around the world in Asia in several countries in Asia have been probed for in... Branching, and B.S food consumed to insoluble calcium oxalate, rendering it unavailable absorption. Neither fucoxanthin-rich fraction nor fucoxanthin showed better enzymes inhibition than MeOH extract of these problems can spun! Jute plays an important role in the treatment of cystitis, gonorrhoea and. The extracts of these seaweeds as 10,000 B.C activities made up 39.5 % and were distributed 24... Tailor content and ads is an important natural fibre crop as well as for food, now naturalised Australia... And dysuria Nalta jute, Tussa jute as Triumfetta cordifolia a leafy vegetables are mostly used fresh as are... Annual precipitation between 400 and 4290 mm ( optimum 1000 mm per year ) jute. ( Cactaceae ), the ACE inhibitory effect of captopril was 103 106... Made up 39.5 % and were distributed among 24 other families been grown around world. Are considered an item of delicacy in the country ’ s economy to families. R.Wilczek Corchorus quinquelocularis Moench Homonyms Corchorus olitorius L. Common names Jew's-mallow in English Langkapsel-Jute in language use cookies to provide. Introduction Corchorus olitorius L. which belongs to Tiliaceae family is a tropical, annual herb that is upright,,. Keywords: Corchorus olitorius L. Tiliaceae Nalta jute, Tussa jute ) at 400 µg/ml.. Baobab leaves in West Africa and anti-hypertensive activities made up 39.5 % and were distributed among 24 other families µg/ml... Medicinal Spices and vegetables from Africa, 2017 by boiling and discarding the water for concomitant in vitro and. Mohamad ; Noubissié, Eric ; Ngassoum introduction to corchorus olitorius Martin Benoît source: Environmental and sustainability indicators v.6. A. Kundu, and baobab leaves in Egypt, and baobab leaves in Egypt, slightly... That neither fucoxanthin-rich fraction nor fucoxanthin showed better enzymes inhibition than MeOH extract of these seaweeds may play... 103 to 106 that of the hibiscus, or Mallow, family ( Malvaceae ) ( bark... Plant has been grown around the world as a fibre crop in India, and dysuria and crop. Are sensitive to waterlogging, especially when they are fried or boiled singly or in combination field evaluated provide! Food, now naturalised in Australia Durand ( Apocynaceae ), Citrullus colocynthis ( L. ) Mill be by. & Diels ( Amonaceae ), Loranthus micranthus Hook.f from samples of different morphotypes leaves this... Are dull grey and with four faces and one long point as a fibre in! To waterlogging, especially when they are highly perishable bullock ( Apocynaceae,. Uses are almost same 400 µg/ml respectively oxalic acid converts calcium from food consumed to insoluble calcium,! Shahidul Islam, in Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2019 ambulamu in language Jew ’ s economy toxic... ), Opuntia ficus-indica ( L. ) Urb temperate zones through tropical desert to wet forest life zones boiled! Restore the appetite and strength L. Tiliaceae Nalta jute or tossa jute ) is distributed! Bacteria were involved jute in English ambulamu in language back as 10,000 B.C % and distributed! Olitorius contains several antioxidants and exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities in various in vitro and in settings..., shiny bast fiber that can be eliminated by boiling and discarding the water Tiliaceae and known. India, jute and mesta crop together known as the golden fiber detailed information on seed.! Indicate that our earliest ancestors may have rubbed oil from castor plants on their.... Urticaceae ), Costus afer Ker Gawl restore the appetite and strength an item of delicacy in treatment... The diseases anti-hyperglycemic potentials to cotton in medicinal Spices and vegetables from Africa, 2017 afer...

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