ww2 defensive lines

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... U.S. production lines, for example, turned out 88,410 tanks and self-propelled guns, as compared to only 46,857 built in Germany. The first part of the name refers to the short northern section between Lake Peipus and the Baltic Sea at Narva. The battle of Maciejow is one of many forgotten tank battles on the eastern front. Their cities were devastated by fleets of bombers, their armies were encircled and then annihilated, and their merchant and … The Grebbe Line ran from the Grebbeberg in Rhenen northwards until the IJsselmeer. As the Occupation of the Rhineland was coming to an end in 1930, the French government decided to take the initiative by starting to build the defensive line at the German frontier in 1929. For all intents and purposes, it was the defensive line that did a large majority of the work for the best defense in the league in 1993. This was plenty for the machine guns from the second line to shoot down anything that could move in this zone as the French machine guns could shoot up to 1,200 meters. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, Categoría:Fortificacions d'a Segunda Guerra Mundial (an); Catégorie:Fortification de la Seconde Guerre mondiale (fr); Катэгорыя:Лініі абароны Другой сусьветнай вайны (be-tarask); Категорија:Одбрамбене линије Другог светског рата (sr); Kategorie:Obranné linie druhé světové války (cs); Kategorio:Intermilitaj fortikaĵoj (eo); Категория:Оборонительные линии Второй мировой войны (ru); رده:خطوط دفاعی جنگ جهانی دوم (fa); Kategorie:Befestigungsanlage im Zweiten Weltkrieg (de); Categoria:Linhas defensivas da Segunda Guerra Mundial (pt); Катэгорыя:Абарончыя лініі Другой сусветнай вайны (be); Kategorija:Otrā pasaules kara aizsardzības līnijas (lv); Category:第二次世界大战时期防线 (zh); Kategory:Festingwurk yn de Twadde Wrâldoarloch (fy); Kategori:II. Strategic? World War II - World War II - The central Pacific: Though the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff envisaged no major offensive westward across the Pacific toward Formosa until mid-1944, they nevertheless decided to launch a limited offensive in the central Pacific in 1943, hoping thereby both to speed the pace of the war and to draw the Japanese away from other areas. The Taunton Stop Line was a World War II defensive line in southwest England. A strange case happened too with a fortification that would prove to be a major flaw for the Maginot Line. The Siegfried Line near Wallendorf is probably the best spot to dive into the Battle of the Bulge in Luxembourg. Kesselring's written and oral directives and orders indicated that the Bernhard Line was but one of a series of defensive lines to be occupied by Tenth Army in the retrograde movement toward Rome. The main defence lines were supplemented by further Command and Corps stop-lines. Even worse, they didn’t expect Germany to pierce the front in the Ardennes range and its deep forest. It was attacked, and trapped in the bunkers the soldiers were attacked by engineers. Most of the fortifications the Germans ran into were so lightly defended that it was impossible for the French troops to hold any attack there. Rather than defeating an attacker with a single, strong defensive line, defence in depth relies on the tendency of an attack to lose momentum over a period of time or as it covers a larger area. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Punching hard in the Ardennes and in the direction of Sedan, like in 1870, the French High Command realized a disaster was happening. Adolf Hitler had concerns about the state of preparation of the Gothic Line… Photos of locations showing english and british pill boxes, pillbox, bunkers and anti-tank defences built to resist a German invasion of England in World War 2. 1 Early history and first decommissioning 2 World War II 3 Pantherstellung 4 See also 5 References The Grebbe Line was first established in 1745 as a line of defense to protect the … For a short period of time from the 25th of May until early June, the front was stabilizing and even with the loss of thousands of soldiers encircled and trapped in Belgium, the French dug behind the Aisne and the Somme rivers, and nothing happened for a few days. The Siegfried Line, known in German as the Westwall, was a German defensive line built during the 1930s opposite the French Maginot Line. Poland Ww2. Start studying WW2: The Atlantic War. With the emergency evacuation of the BEF from the beaches of Dunkirk there was an obvious and urgent need to build defences against the threat of Nazi Invasion. The Trasimene Line was a German defensive line during the Italian Campaign of World War II. Some forts fought hard though. B Border Line fortifications of Switzerland‎ (6 P) British World War II defensive lines‎ (11 P) F Fortified position of Liège‎ (18 P) Built between 1930 and 1940, France 's Maginot Line was a massive system of defenses that became famous for failing to stop a German invasion. In September 1944, American troops broke through Germany’s toughest defensive line. Are they expecting anything? The Allies consisted of British Imperial Forces, including a Greek contingent, with American and French corps.The battle opened with initial success by the German and Italian … They gave up just over 70 yards rushing per game, forcing eight […] They basically dodged the strongest line of defense and attacked where it was weak. Pages in category "German World War II defensive lines" The following 21 pages are in this category, out of 21 total. The French High Command didn’t really expect that. A few years later, this would prove to be a disaster for France. B Border Line fortifications of Switzerland‎ (6 P) British World War II defensive lines‎ (11 P) F Fortified position of Liège‎ (18 P) André Maginot, Minister of War in 1929, pushed hard for this law, and thus gave his name to what would later become the Maginot Line. The defensive structures around the village are part of a 630km defensive line full of pillboxes, tank traps and other stuff. Media in category "World War II defensive lines" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. The last major line of defense in the final stages of World War II, along the Apennines formed by Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, was named “Gothic Line" (Gotenstellung). The Sudeten crisis had a major impact on the line. The Allies entered in Belgium with the desire to counter-attack the Germans. The French government decided to enact a law that would initiate the construction of a defensive line on the frontiers of France, near Switzerland and Belgium. The French High Command has its “wall,” and the Army is believes that the enemies will not attack through it. But the operation failed, and the enemy was able to strengthen his defensive line from Holland to Switzerland. The stra­tegy called for Japan’s armed forces to main­tain the 1943 front lines until they could rebuild their strength for a final deci­sive battle in mid-1944. The Fall Gleb plan consisted of cutting through the Netherlands and Belgium and Luxemburg, bypassing the strongest elements of the Maginot Line. André Maginot, Minister of War in 1929, pushed hard for this law, and thus gave his name to what would later become the Maginot Line. From 1936 to 1939, the line was fully occupied for different reasons and different lengths: the Rhineland re-militarization in ’36, the Anschluss, and the Sudeten crisis in ’38. The Battle of Kursk was the largest tank battle to take place in World War II. It was designed "to stop an enemy's advance from the west and in particular a rapid advance supported by armoured fighting vehicles (up to the size of a German medium tank) which may have broken through the forward defences." However, German forces occupied vast swathes of Soviet territory and industry, and the war was still going fairly well for the Germans. With tank traps and machine gun nests located under heavy artillery cover, it was designed not only to hold, but also to inflict heavy casualties to the enemies. The second line was the strongest one. I travelled to Wallendorf to see some of these defenses. 15) 1993 Dallas Cowboys The Players: Charles Haley, Russell Maryland, Tony Tolbert, Jim Jeffcoat and Leon Lett. The Gothic Line was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II. It was sometimes known as the Albert Line. February - March. The first one was the weakest one, being a simple series of outposts with sentries, barbed wires, and mines. World War II/Stalingrad and the Caucasus. The Sarre offensive would do nothing as well. The Main Line of Resistance (MLR), behind the outposts, constitutes the hardcore of the defense. The Maginot Line: The History of the Fortifications that Failed to Protect France, Maginot Line Gun Turrets: And French Gun Turret Development 1880–1940, Fortress France: The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II, Military Medals from the Battle of Britain, Top 10 Flying Aces of the United Kingdom RAF during World War II, Tarawa: The Toughest Fortified Position Marines Faced in World War II. Chronological Outline of the Course of Events in the battle for Berlin . Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. He used crutches and walking sticks for the remainder of his life. The Wehrmacht then attacked and pushed to the Channel and encircled most of the Allied armies in Belgium. Officially beginning on September 1, 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, World War II lasted until both the Germans and the Japanese had surrendered to the Allies in 1945. This would have required U.S 5th Army under Lieutenant General Mark Clark to commit most of his Anzio fo… Total mobilization would start on the 2nd of September, and war between Germany and France would start the 3rd after France declared war. During the first days of the war, nothing would happen. The back of the line was thus very vulnerable if a flanking attack happened and took the line from behind. Even in its dealings with its German ally, Italy was concerned about German ambitions towards the province of Sout… Italy's land frontiers were in most places mountainous and easily defended, but in the years leading up to World War II, Italy's relations with its neighbours were uneasy. Since the United Kingdom had guaranteed the independence of Belgium, if Germany dared to attack Belgium again, then the British would declare war to Germany again. The “absolute zone of national defense” agree­ment of Septem­ber 30, 1943, turned its back on Japa­nese expan­sion in the Pacific to one of holding the line. Defensive preparations included the construction of a series of holding lines to slow down the invader. The defensive lines, even designed with extreme caution, had flaws. The Germans met some fortifications of the Maginot Line but they were only lightly defended as it was so unthinkable to attack through the Ardennes. The Battle of Okinawa (April 1, 1945-June 22, 1945) was the last major battle of World War II, and one of the bloodiest. The Blitzkrieg and the encirclement maneuvers of the Germans were very simple, and, in the end, not that well thought out. This position contained individual strongpoints arranged in depth and interconnected to form an uninterrupted defensive belt … One of the best defensive lines ever kept the team's postseason hopes alive. Soon the phony war started. Millions of Frenchmen have died in the war, the Spanish Flu is destroying the country, and political agitation in Germany is scaring the French Government. Waiting for what? The main goal of the Maginot Line was to inflict major casualties and to experience as few casualties as possible. Finally, the Polish commander, realizing the hopelessness of the situation, gave the order to his people to surrender. The GHQ Line (General Headquarters Line) was a defence line built in the United Kingdom during World War II to contain an expected German invasion. The Eastern GHQ stop-line was designed to run from north of Edinburgh, inland and south along the east coast, around the east of London to meet the south coast near Eastbourne. Elastic Defense, also known as Defense in Depth was a tactical doctrine that was used in various forms by different nations during World War II, notably GermanyandJapan. The “Battle of the Pont-Saint-Louis” gained fame, when 9 French soldiers held an enormous Italian attack, killing more than 150 Italians and only having two slightly injured soldiers. The Oder defenses are built up. Most of the French Armies, the British Corps, and the Belgian army began to surrender, completely cut off from the back. The following description applies specifically for the German border. There are no casualties, and the soldiers are waiting. Although most of the fortifications of the Gothic Line were captured early in the offensive, the Germans managed to hold on to new lines further back, and the Allied offensive eventually ran out of steam late in 1944, tantalisingly close to the Po plains. The two main forces were the Soviet Union and Germany.The battle began on July 4, 1943 and it ended on August 23, 1943. War would breakout in a matter of time. http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php… Also a defensive line in the south would keep Allied bombers farther from southern Germany and the Po Valley, thus making strategic bombing more … 3 Jan 1942: US-Filipino troops fell back to Guagua-Porac defensive line in Philippines. Defensive preparations included the construction of a series of holding lines to slow down the invader. The hill in question was code named Sugar Loaf by the Marines. There is also a very “internet famous” battle that happened during this short period. Not only because Germany did something that the French High Command did not really expect, but even worse, the line was designed in a way to defend the border and forbid the crossing of it. SKETCH 2. Its only problem was that it was 30 years late. Here is a timeline of major events during the war. 31 January 1945. World War II was waged on land, on sea, and in the air over several diverse theaters of operation for approximately six years. This was a view held widely by many civilians in north Queensland during World War II. “There is no such things as successful defense.”. It stretched more than 630 km; from Kleve on the border with the Netherlands, along the western border of the old German Empire, to the town of Weil am Rhein on the border to Switzerland – and featured more than 18,000 bunkers, tunnels … The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. Operation Olive (25 August-October 1944) was the first Allied attack on the German Gothic Line in the northern Apennines. France is victorious but at a great cost. Elastic Defense, also known as Defense in Depth was a tactical doctrine that was used in various forms by different nations during World War II, notably Germany and Japan. World War II defensive lines, World War II sites of Nazi Germany, Fortifications in Germany. Germany Ww2. The enormous undertaking seemed a waste to some people but would eventually have a huge impact on the war. The Maginot Line was not a defensive line just at the German frontier, as the first Bunkers were built in Nice at the Italian Frontier in southeast France. Defensive lines were transformed to the networks of strengthened defensive positions and the strong points on top of the terrain heights, anchored on local settlements and located on distances 2-4 km from each other. ... World War Ii. The third line was designed to provide cover to the fighting troops in the field. In April, Allied forces pushed through the German defensive line in Italy. In the Pacific the defensive line stretched from the Aleutians, through the Hawaiian Islands, to Panama, with advance bases in the Philippines and strategic Pacific islands. As you previously guessed, yes, the Maginot Line was a series of defensive position along the frontiers of France, some more armored than others and some more protected by terrain (the Alps is a fantastic wall, and Italy would never cross them in 1940). Little progress was made on the ground, but the aerial attacks on … You can even find a lot of these bunkers in the Alps and get in if you dare to! Why? After the nearly concurrent breakthroughs at Cassino and Anzio in spring 1944, the 11 nations representing the Allies in Italy finally had a chance to trap the Germans in a pincer movement and to realize some of Winston Churchill's strategic goals for the long, costly campaign against the Axis \"underbelly\". This list may not reflect recent changes (). The result was the construction of Stop – Lines, consisting of man made objects located to … To maintain a good relationship with its neutral neighbors of Belgium and Switzerland, the line at the borders of these two countries were lightly defended. The structure of the line was very simple yet proved to be both great and really bad. Trapped and with no fresh air, they all suffocated. This line crossed the narrowest sector of the Italian peninsula roughly between Gaeta and Ortona. The Germans then launched their final battle plan, Fall Rot, which finally made France surrender. The Italians declared war the 10th in a very unfavorable terrain, and it proved to be a disaster. Nothing changes as the Phony War continues. Early February ... and the establishment of a defensive line along the rivers Don and Volga, which would also be held by allies. The fortifications on the western front are explained with rare veteran interviews explaining the strategy, deployments, and individual stories of the battle. They were trying to establish a defensive line in the thickly wooded countryside ... A German Officer’s World War II Combat Memoir. World War I has just ended. This page was last edited on 6 January 2019, at 15:54. The former had been neutral since 1815, and the latter was an ally of France. Their success was great but only because the French strategy was simply not possible during World War 2. Marshal Petain was strongly against it, stating that France should focus on a Maneuvering Army and not a Static one. ‘Nothing should be allowed to fall into Soviet hands’ – livestock is driven back to German held territory in the east. Attempting to outflank the Siegfried Line, the Allies tried an airborne attack on Holland on 17 September 1944. The fourth and last line was the logistic line: barracks, ammunition, and artillery. The Battle of Okinawa (April 1, 1945-June 22, 1945) was the last major battle of World War II, and one of the bloodiest. The Line was divided in 4 different ones. The Panther–Wotan line was a defensive line partially built by the German Wehrmacht in 1943 on the Eastern Front. A disaster happened during the following days through the application of the plan. The war was now moving at a very fast pace. Once upon a time I had some track with my childhood Hornby railway kit, but that disappeared in … André Maginot, Minister of War in 1929, pushed hard for this law, and thus gave his name to what would later become the Maginot Line. Soldiers of the US 7th Army pause at the Siegfried Line on the road to Karlsruhe, Germany, 27 March 1945. Subcategories. Army Soldier. The artillery bombardment forced the Italian defenders to abandon part of their main defensive line, and Enfidaville fell, but only after heaving fighting. Weak motorized Russian forces penetrate across the ice of the Oder into the vicinity of Stausberg. Germany Ww2. The barbed wires spread a distance of 10 to 15 meters. The Germans were attacking deeper and deeper behind the Allies, and they were now flanking them. German World War II defensive lines. 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Were filled with machine-guns, rifle entrenchments and separate fire positions sentries, barbed wires spread distance! Motorized RUSSIAN forces penetrate across the ice of the Maginot line itself, it was a German line... War the 10th in a way to make the Germans were attacking and... In itself line from behind a bad idea in itself the name refers the... Largest tank battle to take place in World War II was the largest battle... And interconnected to form an uninterrupted defensive belt while artillery guns occupied positions behind it deep! Fast pace page was last edited on 6 January 2019, at 15:54 to. The IJsselmeer it, stating that France should focus on a Maneuvering Army and a... You will see later on, during the following 8 subcategories, out of 40 total 's trio of was!, Tony Tolbert, Jim Jeffcoat and Leon Lett government commissioned a line of all... And fresh air, they all suffocated should be allowed to Fall into Soviet hands ’ – livestock is back... Some bunkers lines to slow down the invader a response to the Channel encircled! Happened too with a fortification that would prove to be reliable, and the French would... Coast, on the offensive you will see later on ww2 defensive lines there was no more a friend to France and. Enemies will not attack through it with no fresh air, they all.!, World War II ( WWII ) was a long and bloody War that lasted about six years government then. Other study tools was very simple, and the latter was an ally of France few casualties possible! 21St of August 1939, France decided to mobilize and thus garrison the fortifications Polish commander, realizing the of! Fall Rot, which proved to be spared as much as possible forces pushed the! Which proved to be a major impact on the offensive finally surrender Italy... Is a writer and a history ww2 defensive lines a simple series of holding to... Has media related to World War II start the 3rd after France War. Structures around the village are part of the Maginot line since the ww2 defensive lines launched... Attack happened and took the line was incomplete because of diplomacy with confrontation! The British Corps, and, in the bunkers the soldiers are waiting major for. Surrender, completely cut off from the back of the line was the Allied! Disaster happened during the build-up to WWII, the British Corps, and Mussolini... All suffocated distance of 10 to 15 meters to Wallendorf to see some of these in! Of 10 to 15 meters encircled most of the Oder into the vicinity Stausberg! You dare to with small confrontation since the Germans a ground attack was no more a to... No more than being a different crisis until the breakout of the name refers to the Channel encircled... Even ww2 defensive lines it would happen following 9 files are available under licenses specified on their description page attack... His people to surrender at Narva they didn ’ t expect Germany to pierce the front line property namespaces available... The encirclement maneuvers of the BEF are available under the is no such things as successful defense. ” always to! And Benito Mussolini was increasingly more aggressive towards Savoie and the Nice territory acquisition... The breakout of the Allied armies in Belgium with the World War II defensive lines the. Rivers Don and Volga, which would also be held by Allies lines slow. Category has the following 8 subcategories, out of 21 total eastern front a distance of 10 15! Machine-Guns, rifle entrenchments and separate fire positions 's postseason hopes alive assumptions been! Partially built by the German attack and never really did Army was designed a... Self-Propelled guns, as you will see later on, during the Italian of. Would ww2 defensive lines out how wrong their assumptions had been, for example, turned out 88,410 tanks self-propelled... Of mankind along its border with France up defensive positions to cover the of. Would be a suicide mission and last line was thus very vulnerable if a flanking happened... Trying to establish a defensive line in the Alps and get in if dare... Counterattack as a defensive line in Philippines flashcards, games, and it proved to be,... With machine-guns, rifle entrenchments and separate fire positions in this category has the 21. The file and property namespaces is available under licenses specified on their description page ice of the line in! Knowledge in history this final plan, the Polish commander, realizing the hopelessness of the situation, gave order! Attack strategy that used flank counterattack as a response to the fighting troops the. Think that even attempting it would happen many times from qualifying purchases Charles Haley Russell. Were now flanking them pushed through the Netherlands and Belgium and Luxemburg, bypassing the strongest of. Wehrmacht in 1943 on the eastern front holding lines to slow down the invader: barracks, ammunition and. Gleb plan consisted of cutting through the application of the War Sudeten crisis had a major for! Oder into the vicinity of Stausberg Army would finally surrender to Germany, completely destroyed machine-guns rifle..., strategy was incomplete because of diplomacy has the following 40 subcategories, out 21! Was not supposed to reach it and never really did in April, Allied forces pushed through the application the. The build-up to WWII, the French High Command ever expect what would follow Command has its wall! Outline of the War, nothing would happen many times able to strengthen his defensive line from behind time... That danger was coming 1 strategies, which would also be held Allies! Past 30 years late is also a very unfavorable terrain, and tank traps and other study.. Pierce the front in the east more than being a simple series of outposts with,! German border the invader no accident that the line from behind yet to come as “ plan Dyle started! Such things as successful defense. ” Lake Peipus and the strongest elements of the Oder into the of! Italy was no escape for some bunkers crutches and walking sticks for the remainder of his.... Wikimedia Commons has media related to World War II ( WWII ) was a held... Make the Germans attack through Belgium would also be held by Allies not... The Italian Campaign of World War II defensive lines, World War II their! Tank battles on the line was a diplomatic strategy, but it to... One, being a different crisis until the breakout of the Maginot line captured with small since!

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