In response, Theodosius cracked down harder on pagans in the eastern half of the empire. Winning bid: US $22.50 [ … Theodosius II was the emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire during the first half of the fifth century. and matters really escalated under the Emperors Theodosius , Arcadius and Theodosius II - there are different versions according to the Christian sources and pagan sources - such as Eunapius 1) - but the short version goes like this : At the Council of Constantinople the 'Holy Spirit' was declared divine (thus sanctioning the trinity). The holy and right-believing Emperor Theodosius I, also called Theodosius the Great, was the last emperor who ruled over both the eastern and western portions of the Roman Empire.He ruled from 379 to 395. Theodosius helped to ensure that Christianity was the Empire's unchallenged religion, and this was to shape Europe and the Near East for centuries. (Theodosius was last man to be sole emperor of roman empire) Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Like Constantine the Great and several of his successors, he was buried in the Church of the Holy Apostles, in a porphyry sarcophagus that was described in the 10th century by Constantine VII in the De Ceremoniis.. He was a gentle, scholarly, easily dominated man who allowed his government to be run by a succession of relatives and ministers. Theodosius hastened to Italy to avenge this crime. Nestorius suggested the title Christotokos ("birth-giver of Christ") as a compromise, but it did not find acceptance with either faction. By 416 the guardianship ended, but his sister remained a strong influence on him. Theodosius II was born to the eastern emperor Arcadius and the empress Aelia Eudoxia in April of 401. This plan was left unfinished, but the work of a second commission that met in Constantinople, assigned to collect all of the general legislations and bring them up to date, was completed; their collection was published as the Codex Theodosianus in 438. Another council was convoked in Ephesus in 449, later deemed a "robber synod" by Pope Leo I because of its tumultuous circumstances. Among the subjects were law, philosophy, medicine, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, music and rhetoric. S. Crogiez-Pétrequin, P. Jaillette, J.-M. Poinsotte (eds. He is known for the law code Codex Theodosianus produced during his reign and for the erection of the defensive walls for Constantinople known as the Theodosian Wall. Flavius Theodosius II (Greek: Θεοδόσιος Βʹ, Theodósios II; 10 April 401 – 28 July 450), commonly called Theodosius the Younger, or the Calligrapher, was Roman Emperor for most of his life, proclaimed augustus as an infant in 402 and ruling as the eastern Empire's sole emperor after the death of his father Arcadius in 408. Nestorius tried to find a middle ground between those who, emphasizing the fact that in Christ God had been born as a man, insisted on calling the Virgin Mary Theotokos ("birth-giver of God"), and those who rejected that title because God, as an eternal being, could not have been born. The Theodosian Code (in Latin, Codex Theodosianus) was a compilation of Roman Law authorized by Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius II in the fifth century.The code was intended to streamline and organize the complicated body of imperial laws promulgated since the reign of Emperor Constantine in 312 C.E., but it included laws from much further back, as well. 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